Youth in the work market

If you are a VR member, the union ensures your minimum rights in the labour market by negotiating collective wage agreements.

Collective wage agreements provide for your minimum rights – you can then negotiate with the employer for higher wages and more extensive rights.

Below are twelve common questions and answers which could answer your question.

Twelve common questions about the labour market

What are the work hours?

If you work as a shop assistant, the daytime working period is between 9:00 and 18:00 from Monday to Friday. Full-time work is 39.5 hours per week. If you work in an office the daytime period is between 9:00 and 17:00. Full-time work is 3755 hours per week. 

When do I get paid?

The wages must be paid on the first day after the end of the month in which the wages are being paid for. The employer cannot delay payment unless it is by an agreement with the wage earner. Furthermore, it is very important to receive a pay slip every month  when the wages are paid, both so it is possible to go over the manner in which the wages are calculated and not least to confirm that an employment relationship is in place; that taxes and other wage related fees are deducted in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. 

What is paid for work on major public holidays?

Every year there are always a few days (so-called red days) which are considered either public holidays or major public holidays.

You are not obliged to work on these days. They are therefore paid holidays. If, however, work is carried out on these days, after-hours/overtime wages must be paid due to work on public holidays and major public holiday wages must be paid for work on major public holidays. These wages are in addition to the ordinary daytime wages which you are entitled to.

Hourly wages for work on major public holidays are 1.375% of monthly wages, based on a 100% job.

Example: monthly wages, ISK 100,000 * 1.375 ISK/hour for major public holiday work.

Major public holidays are the following: New Year’s Day, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, Whit Sunday, 17 June, the August Bank Holiday (first Monday in August), Christmas Day and after 12:00 noon on Christmas Eve and New year’s Eve.

Public holidays are the following: all the feast days of the National Church of Iceland not considered major public holidays, the First Day of Summer and 1 May.

What if I fall ill?

As soon as you have worked for 1 month for an employer you have earned illness rights. That means that you have a right to be paid by your employers for the days you cannot tend to your job due to illness.

The sick-pay rights are 2 weekdays for each month worked and it is accrued between months.

Example: if you have worked for 4 months in your work place without being ill, you are entitled to 8 sick-days.

You must, however, always be sure to report your illness to your employer in the correct manner.

If you have worked for more than 1 year for your employer you are entitled to increased illness rights, 2 months for every 12-month period. After 5 years you are entitled to 4 months for every 12-month period and after 10 years you are entitled to 6 months.

Do I have a termination notice?

Yes, the term of notice is always in proportion to how long you have worked for an employer.

In the first 3 months of work the period of notice is 1 week, in the next 3 months the period of notice is 1 month, limited to the end of the month and after 6 months of work the period of notice has become 3 months, limited to the end of the month.

Periods of notice are mutual. This means that both you as a wage earner and your employer must respect this period unless you reach a different agreement.

Do I have a right to holiday time?

Yes, everyone has a right to holiday pay. Holiday pay is a certain percentage that is added to wages.
The base percentage is 10.17%.

The holiday pay is generally paid in two ways. On one hand it is deducted from wages every month and deposited into a special holiday account. The accumulated balance is then paid out at the beginning of summer. On the other hand, the employer saves up the holiday pay for the wage earner and pays it out when he goes on holiday. Each employee must decide in consultation with the employer when to take the summer holiday.

Holiday pay must never be included in wages – it is paid separately.

Verbal or written?
Employment must always be confirmed in writing. It is the responsibility of your employer to finalize a written employment contract with you no later than 2 months after work commences.

This is not least important as a confirmation of the employment terms negotiated, e.g. work hours, field of work and wage terms. In most cases the parties enter into a verbal agreement in the beginning about the issues that matter. Unfortunately, not everyone, neither wage earners nor employers fulfil their promises when the time comes. It is therefore a good rule in every work relationship to confirm in writing everything that may affect the relationship, including changes of wage terms and other announcements.

 

When are mealtimes?
Lunch break at noon (12:00-14:00) is in the range of ½-1 hour. You must work at least 5 hours to be entitled to a lunch break. The lunch break is not paid.

The coffee break is 35 minutes per day in shops, based on full-time work, and 15 minutes in offices. You are entitled to a coffee break in accordance with your employment proportion. The coffee break is paid.

If you work into the evening you are entitled to a supper break between 19:00 and 20:00. The supper break is paid and if you work the entire time, or a part of the time, you will receive double pay for that time. You need to work at least 4 ½ hours to be entitled to a supper break.

Is it possible to make me work nonstop?

No, you are entitled to rest between work days, from 12 to 14 hours, this depends on age. Children who are 15 years old in compulsory education are entitled to 14 hours per 24 hour period and adolescents 15-17 years old are entitled 12 hours per 24 hour period.

If you do not have this continuous rest, you are entitled to take time off instead, 1.5 hours for every hour short of this time.

Example: the wage earner receives 8 hours of rest between work days. Therefore, this is short of 3 hours for attaining minimum rest. The right to time off then becomes 4.5 hours (3*1.5).

In addition to this, you are entitled to one day off per week. If you work 7 days continuously, you are entitled to one paid day off in the following week.

You should also remember that you always have the right to refuse the extra work offered to you – no one can demand that you work more than what was originally agreed.

What is paid for overtime?

Overtime is the time worked outside of the daytime working period beyond 171.15 hours of work every month (162.5 hours in office work).

The hourly rate for overtime is 1.0385% of monthly wages based on a 100% job.

Example: monthly wages, ISK 100,000 * 1.0385% = 1,038.5 kr. per hour for overtime.

What is paid for after-hours?

After-hours is the work time delivered outside of the daytime work period up to 1711.15 hours of work every month (162.5 hours in offices). After-hours pay is a 40% addition to the hourly rate in daytime work. 

What should I be paid for the work?

When you take on a job you must negotiate your wages and terms with your employer in the beginning. It is not least important to negotiate the wages. VR has negotiated a certain minimum rate of pay. This means that it is not permissible to pay less than the rate dictates.

On the other hand, it is of course permissible and even better to negotiate wages that are higher than the minimum rates of pay. The wages should reflect your worth as an employee. It is, therefore, in everyone’s favour to do well on the job – good performance calls for good wages.

For information

  • Parents should go over pay slips with their children and see if everything is as it should be.
  • Children pay 6% tax, which is declared in the parents’ tax report until the calendar year in which they become 16 years old commences.
  • Children receive a tax card at the beginning of the year in which they turn 16 years old.
  • Children begin paying into a pension fund the month after their 16th birthday.
  • Parents have supervisory responsibility for their children when they enter the labour market. Children up to 18 years of age do not have authority to sign an employment contract unless they have their parents’ consent.

Are you searching for this information?

School presentations

VR has held presentations about rights and obligations for students of primary- and upper secondary schools for the last 20 years.

It is important that young people are aware of the role of unions and what service the unions provide.

In the presentation, the following is reviewed i.a.:

  • collective wage agreements
  • wage rates
  • pay slips
  • minimum wages
  • sick leave rights
  • social media

School representatives can book a presentation by phoning the VR service centre at 510 1700 or send an e-mail to vr@vr.is.

VR School of Life

Everything you need to know about the labour market but have always been too lazy to ask in one web seminar!

  • Where should you start looking for a job
  • What you need to be clear on during the job interview.
  • Everything about sick leave days and termination notices.
  • When are you working and what should you be paid?
  • Why are women paid less wages than men for the same work?

Klukk - time recording app

Klukk is a simple time recording app which helps you to manage your work hours and is free. With the app you have an overview of completed work hours and can compare them with your payslip. The app can also remind you to clock in and out if you activate the location tool.

Get Klukk in AppStore or in GooglePlay.